What is the sucrose molar mass?

In this short article, we will answer the question “What is the sucrose molar mass?”, will show you the product of its digestion and also how it is absorbed in the body and will discuss the health risks associated with sucrose consumption.

What is the sucrose molar mass?

Sucrose (C12H22O11) molar mass is 342,3 g/mol. Let’s see why:

Molecular mass of C12H22O11  = 12(mass of C) + 22(mass of H) + 11(mass of O) 

Molecular mass of C12H22O11  = 12×(12.01)+22×(1.008)+11×(16.00)

Molecular mass of C12H22O11  = 342.30 g/mol.

​What is sucrose?

Table sugar’s primary ingredient, sucrose, can be found in a variety of meals and drinks. A natural disaccharide carbohydrate found in fruits, vegetables, and grains is sucrose, also known as table sugar. 

They also make up a significant portion of the ingredients in a variety of processed foods, including candy, ice cream, morning cereals, tinned goods, soft drinks, and other beverages with added sugar. A glucose molecule and a fructose molecule make up sucrose.

Sugar cane or sugar beet is used to obtain table sugar and the sucrose that is included in processed goods. Sucrose has been employed in the food business because it is often a white, crystalline material that dissolves in water and has a very sweet taste.

Condensed glucose and fructose combine to form sucrose, which has the molecular formula C12H22O11. The combination of these chemicals through this process results in the loss of one water molecule.

Sugar was only utilised as a sedative in the 18th century because it was a luxury good. The use of this commodity increased as sugar cane and sugar beet were grown in America and Europe, respectively.

When sugarcane is ground, its juice, which has a high sucrose concentration, is released. This juice is used to make sugar. 

This “juice” is then cooked to create molasses, which has a mass percentage of sucrose of about 40%. Some of this sucrose crystallises to create common sugar.

What happens when sugar is digested?

Hydrolysis is a procedure that can be used on sucrose. It occurs when this disaccharide combines with weak acids or when invertase, an enzyme, is present. The glycosidic link is broken by hydrolysis, dividing sucrose into equal parts of its two units (glucose and fructose).

This process, known as sucrose inversion, creates a liquid that is significantly sweeter than sucrose itself. The name “invert sugar” refers to its optical characteristics. 

A certain sort of polarised light can be refracted in one direction by sucrose when it is diluted in water, that is when the glycosidic link is not broken. This light can be refracted oppositely by an inverted sugar solution.

Sucrose is absorbed in what way?

Because sucrose is a disaccharide, it must be broken down into smaller sugars for the body to absorb it. The mouth’s natural enzymes partially convert sucrose into glucose and fructose. But the small intestine is where this sugar is primarily digested.

The small intestine’s sucrose enzyme converts sucrose into glucose and fructose. They are entirely absorbed into the bloodstream after this process. The presence of glucose promotes the release of insulin and increases the absorption of fructose. 

This indicates that compared to when this kind of sugar is taken alone, more fructose is used to produce fat. It is important to note that consuming fructose and glucose, or sucrose, simultaneously can be more harmful to your health than doing so separately. 

This may help to explain the connection between various health issues and added sugars such as high fructose corn syrup.

What are the health risks of sucrose?

Despite being linked to serotonin production, eating too many processed foods that include sugar can harm the body in many ways. Therefore, it should be consumed carefully.

The World Health Organization (WHO) advises that just 10% of the total calories ingested each day should come from sugar. 5% of your diet should be healthful.

This suggests that a person should consume no more than 50 grammes of sugar each day, but no more than 25 grammes.

The most well-known issue brought on by sugar is caries. Demineralization of dental structures, which frequently results in tooth loss and pain, is what distinguishes it. However, the issues brought on by a high sugar intake extend far beyond this dental procedure.

Obesity is the main issue that too much sugar may create. This illness, which many academics regard to be a global epidemic, increases the likelihood of developing other severe illnesses like hypertension, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular issues.

In addition to the hazards associated with obesity, a diet high in sugar can overtax the pancreas, which must continuously generate insulin to maintain healthy blood glucose levels. 

Type 2 diabetes may be brought on by this production being insufficient to meet the body’s needs or being improperly utilised.

When dealing with health issues brought on by excessive sugar consumption, it’s critical to consider daily diet and lifestyle choices. Variety in diet is crucial, as are few processed items and a lack of excesses. Exercise regularly is also crucial.


In this short article, we answered the question “What is the sucrose molar mass?”, have shown you the product of its digestion and also how it is absorbed in the body and discussed the health risks associated with sucrose consumption.



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