How many calories are in sugar?

In this short article, we will answer the question “How many calories are in sugar?” and will explain the characteristics of the different types of sugar.

How many calories are in sugar?

See below the number of calories in 100 grams of the different types of sugar:

  • Demerara sugar: 377 kcal;
  • Brown sugar: 377 kcal
  • Refined sugar: 398 kcal

What is each type of sugar?

Raw sugar:

Raw sugar is a type of sugar that has undergone little processing without the addition of any chemicals. As a result, it keeps the majority of its nutrients. Its big, light brown crystals are in size. British Guiana’s port city of Demerara was the site of the first Demerara Sugar factory. 

It appears as big, light-brown crystals that are slightly sticky to the touch. Unlike the flavour of brown sugar, it has a milder, more delicate flavour. This sugar passes through a minimal processing step without the use of chemicals, preserving part of its nutritional value.

For individuals who prefer not to use white sugar but find it difficult to get used to brown sugar’s strong flavour, this is a decent substitute. 

Although it has fewer calories than refined sugar, this sugar is still high in calories and can contribute to weight gain if consumed in excess.

Brown sugar:

Because brown sugar is not refined, its nutrients are kept intact. This kind has a strong molasses flavour and its distinctive hue since it is made up of 95% sucrose and 5% molasses. It is brown in colour, tastes like molasses, and has a more fluid consistency. 

After the cane is boiled, brown sugar is extracted; it is the raw, darker, and wetter form of sugar. Brown sugar preserves calcium, iron, and mineral salts since it skips the refining process. It also keeps its darker hue as a result of this. 

Some individuals loathe its flavour because it tastes a lot like molasses. But compared to other sugars, this one is regarded as one of the healthiest because it retains its nutrients. In comparison to white sugar, it has fewer calories.

Refined sugar: 

Refined sugar has all of its nutrients removed, the molasses removed, and is turned white through a lengthy refining process and the addition of chemical additives. It contains 99.9% sucrose. White and fine-grained sugar has been refined. 

Crystal sugar is diluted to create refined sugar. It passes through a number of refinement steps, losing almost all of its nutrients and minerals and turning into an empty calorie in the process. It has small, readily diluted grains. 

It is the most frequently used sugar to sweeten drinks and coffees, as well as when preparing meals, because its flavour is less overt.

Icing sugar

Because of its extremely small grain size, icing sugar is perfect for use in whipped cream, toppings, and more uniform icings, as well as for use in decorating cakes and pies. 

This sort of sugar looks like talc or powdery snow and dissolves much more readily than crystal sugar. Starch is added to the formula during production to prevent the extremely minute grains from coming back together.

Light sugar

Light sugar has a higher sweetening power than conventional sugar but fewer calories since it contains less sucrose, which is obtained from a combination of refined sugar and artificial or natural sweeteners such as sodium cyclamate, saccharin, or sucralose. 

However, it should only be used by those with type 1 or type 2 diabetes on the advice of a nutritionist and only in moderation.

Organic sugar

While organic sugar still contains some of the minerals found in sugar cane, it has fewer calories than conventional sugar. 

The key distinction is that no artificial substances, fertilisers, chemical fertilisers, or pesticides are utilised at any point in the manufacture of organic sugar. 

This sort of sugar also differs from others in that it is not refined, has a thicker and darker consistency, and costs more money.

Coconut sugar

Instead of being taken from the coconut fruit, coconut sugar is made from the sap of the coconut tree. It is a minimally processed product because it doesn’t include preservatives and isn’t refined like regular sugar is. 

Compared to ordinary sugar, it has a lower glycemic index, which helps it maintain stable blood sugar levels. It also includes B vitamins, as well as minerals including iron, zinc, potassium, and magnesium. 

It’s crucial to keep in mind that since sugar is a simple carbohydrate, it should be avoided and ingested in moderation in people with diabetes. sufficient to keep one’s weight and health in check.


In this short article, we answered the question “How many calories are in sugar?” and explained the characteristics of the different types of sugar.


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